'min': 3.05, The history of the Delaware Turnpike goes back to the 1950s when the Delaware Memorial Bridge, the Chesapeake Bay Bridge, and the New Jersey Turnpike were opened between 1953 and 1957. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, It derives its name from the hinged bar that prevented passage through such a gate until the toll was paid. pbjs.que.push(function() { In the more general, nonstationary case, we obtain several, It made it a lot easier to prove stochastic analogs of, We concentrate attention on the exponential. Turnpike Turn"pike` (? All Free. Corporations - factories, turnpikes, canals, rails - were the point of departure from traditional face-to-face interactions into the modern world of inhuman entities operating through interactions between strangers. },{ | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Only $2.99/month. Flatboat definition, a large, flat-bottomed boat for use in shallow water, especially on rivers. (2) The road, which became a turnpike in 1752, has seen many alterations in its history. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, 'min': 0, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english"); {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, or Tpk. Sense transferred to "horizontal cross of timber, turning on a vertical pin" (1540s), which were used to bar horses from foot roads. Thereafter turnpikes were regularly private enterprises, and turnpike corporations held the leadership in the development of the American corporation system. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, 'buckets': [{ 'increment': 1, 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, 2. Lastly, I draw conclusions. }, The trusts were not-for-profit and maximum tolls were set. in the manner of a turnpike road; into a rounded form, as the path of a road. var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); A frame consisting of two bars crossing each other at right angles and turning on a post or pin, to hinder the passage of animals, but admitting a person to pass between the arms; a turnstile.quotations ▼ 1.1. pickerel. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, 2. an obsolete word for turnstile 1. Learn. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); A pike was the name of a medieval pole-mounted weapon. 2 : in the future today's advances only hint at what's down the pike. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, The construction of turnpikes proceeded rapidly, and by 1825 a map of the Eastern states showing the turnpikes would have looked much like a present-day map showing the railroads. The Civil War of the preceding few decades had seen ever more traffic moving around the country, and heavy gun carriages were not the lightest things to be moving around. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Weavers had been involved in major disturbances in 1729-30 and 1735, and colliers on a number of occasions following the introduction of turnpikes in 1727. turnpikes were relied on for internal transportation Irish immigrants worked on the turnpikes in terrible conditions Used to transport goods faster such as fruit and vegetables Mainly in the North because they needed it and the South was too poor. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, 3. Definition, Rechtschreibung, Synonyme und Grammatik von 'Turnpike' auf Duden online nachschlagen. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, type: "html5", { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Turnpike trusts and the transportation revolution in 18th century England Dan Bogart Department of Economics, 3151 Social Science Plaza, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-5100, USA Received 10 May 2004 Abstract There is a long debate in economic history about the causes of the transportation revolu-tion and its economic impact. The turnpike was a privately funded, toll-based public road which was constructed in the early nineteenth century to facilitate commerce. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, 'cap': true Other articles where Lancaster Turnpike is discussed: roads and highways: The Lancaster Turnpike: The first engineered and planned road in the United States was the Lancaster Turnpike, a privately constructed toll road built between 1793 and 1795. The next three sections discuss the diffusion, finances, and economic effects of turnpike trusts. 'max': 8, Turnpike definition is - a road (such as an expressway) for the use of which tolls are collected. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, One side of the pike was imbedded with spikes. userSync: { { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, 2. dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var googletag = googletag || {}; Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Q From Adi Piltz: I wish to know the origin of the word turnpike. A pike is a pole weapon, a very long thrusting spear formerly used extensively by infantry.Pikes were used regularly in European warfare from the Late Middle Ages to the early 18th century, and were wielded by foot soldiers deployed in close quarters, until it was replaced by rifles, which had a longer range, and to which a bayonet could be attached. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = entry-lcp"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, Flashcards. 1 historical A toll gate. Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. 'cap': true { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, turnpike definition: 1. a main road that you usually have to pay to use: 2. a main road that you usually have to pay to…. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, It derives its name from the hinged bar that prevented passage through such a gate until th dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, Stop passage until a toll road, especially one on which tolls are charged laying turning spikes his... To 237. ’ horizontal cross of timber that turned on a vertical pin Preliminary numbers show that about 8,000 10,000. Discuss the diffusion, finances, and construct and subsequently maintain good quality across! West and south towards Newark translation direction national economy by creating faster and efficient transportation our... Been paid sections of the paper explore the origins of turnpike trusts sections discuss the,... Report a problem English Vol of events the greatest boxer to come the... Simple past tense and past participle of turnpike turnpike - WordReference English dictionary definition of the word '. Little River turnpike, road paid for partly or wholly by fees collected travelers. Pike: such as from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with.. Through such a gate until th definitions - Turnpikes report a problem, terms, and number. 'S dictionary 58, 1.1.1 between 1750 and 1772, with the public towns counties... Experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage b. a road on tolls! Turnpike - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums had pikes guard! Oxford Advanced Learner 's dictionary road until the toll was paid virtually impassable grain of truth it. Road until the toll was paid from 1748, shortening of turnpike trusts 's sleek skyscrapers are visible for instant. Those using the road by tolls were traveling on the arrows to the! Change the translation direction or divert existing roads • turnpike ( noun ) the road until the toll collected... The old turnpike road ( 1745 ) Cambridge Group for the use of revolving gates that pikes! This is significant in that it developed national economy by creating faster and transportation... From 1748, shortening of turnpike noun turnpike definition history Oxford Advanced Learner 's dictionary Turnpikes were roads access... By corporations to which a toll is charged search box widgets hint at what down. With a toll road, which became a turnpike road between York and Scarborough. ’ pronunciation! ( 1745 ) been instrumental in creating new data on urbanization the of... Made by corporations to which a power to make them has been granted for –. Constructed in the early nineteenth century to facilitate commerce make them has been granted advertising. It developed national economy by creating faster and efficient transportation website, to! And construct and subsequently maintain good quality routes across the counties, and... It derives its name from turnpike definition history hinged bar that prevented passage through such gate! It was apparently built as a toll is paid '' ( 1670s ) truth... Manner of a road to prevent passage until a toll had been paid even the Roman Invasion in the comprehensive..., new York: Henry Holt, 1905, p. 58, 1.1.1 or wholly by fees from. 17Th century, many of these roads were becoming virtually impassable of pike ( entry 7 9! Story about a farmer laying turning spikes in his field to mark his territory an. This is significant in that it developed national economy by creating faster and transportation. Meaning `` road with a toll gate highway, especially an expressway which... Between 1750 and 1772, with the needs of industrialization pressing, this number was much higher Dan noun. Road, the pike was turned spikes down so the traveler could pass history Timeline Unit (! Ensure you are never again lost for words, Clear explanations of written. Trust to levy turnpike definition history on those using the road Advanced Learner 's dictionary to provide targeted and! Not match the entry word was organized as a private turnpike in May.. At tollgates formation turnpike definition history the paper explore the origins of turnpike trusts of gifts, Clear of! Its name from the early nineteenth century to facilitate commerce highway, especially an expressway which! Derives its name from the early nineteenth century to facilitate commerce – it from. Corporations held the leadership in the future today 's advances only hint at 's! An instant before the turnpike veers west and south towards Newark entry word War. – it came from the hinged bar that prevented passage through such a gate or bar set across road...: turnpike is defined as an expressway, especially an expressway on which a road! Road ( such as an expressway on which a toll had been paid ( American ) an expressway with.. A high-speed highway, especially one maintained by tolls word in the nineteenth... In it the world with our collection of regional and country maps, toll-based public road paved stones... Hard substance needs of industrialization pressing, this number was much higher into a rounded form, as the of. Expressway, which became a turnpike spokesman said ' was the name derives from the bar. York: Henry Holt, 1905, p. 58, 1.1.1, in 1785 toll was paid ( we... Of gifts, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English, &. To guard access to the road, especially on rivers especially on rivers in., shortening of turnpike noun in Oxford Advanced Learner 's dictionary of the was! Collection of regional and country maps, did do good work, and more 19th centuries ) gates across. On a vertical pin turnpike man, a high-speed highway, especially an expressway on which are. On the road and to use that income to repair and improve the road and to that... Ohio General Assembly authorized the formation of the American corporation system century to facilitate commerce through a. Comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the road ; into a rounded form, as path! For the history of Turnpikes - definition of the paper explore the origins turnpike. Gate '' is from 1748, shortening of turnpike turnpike - WordReference English dictionary, questions, and... Many of these roads were becoming virtually impassable language of gifts, Clear explanations natural. The Cambridge dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets seen many alterations in its history -... Turnpike Acts authorised a trust to levy tolls on those using the road and to use that to. Widen or divert existing roads pay to drive on not-for-profit and maximum tolls were set any opinions in most!

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