- Minoan Civilization Nov 26, 2016 - Images and quotations concerning the Minoan and Mycenaean cultures. See more ideas about minoan, minoan art, mycenaean. Mycenaean culture extended throughout mainland Greece, the Aegean islands and Crete. In my class, I have st. Minoans & Mycenaeans: Understanding the Earliest Ancient Greeks! How did mountains affect Ancient Greece? Chapter 2: Historical Background of Greek Mythology. This can be a ver, Who were the Minoans and Mycenaeans? One striking feature on Crete is the lack of fortifications around the palatial centres, which has encouraged speculation that the Minoans were fairly peaceful and may have not feared attack from outside forces. -A comparison chart with a wordbank to compare the two Also included in: Ancient Greece Bundle Set! Arthur Evans, the archaeologist who "discovered" the Minoans, presumed that the fiery preservations had been caused by an earthquake which had toppled nearby torches. The Mycenaeans. to 1100 B.C. This LH II tholos tomb presented two gold cups; known as the Vaphio cups. 2) Vocabulary Sheet Two previously undiscovered tholos tombs have recently been uncovered next to Tholos IV at Pylos; although they have not yet been dated, they have been named Tholos VI and Tholos VII. The te, Lesson Time: Approximately 40-50 minutesThis product contains two readings, each on the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations. Some believe it was due to underwater earthquakes that destroyed the cities. With one cup being named the quiet or calm cup and the other the violent cup, it seems as though the similarity in the bull scenes may have been planned by the same person but executed by different people; the calm bull scene by a Minoan craftsman and the violent bull scene by a Mycenaean. Minoan culture became a powerful force in the region. Hands-On Ancient People, Volume 2: Art Activities About Minoans, Mycenaeans, Trojans, Ancient Greeks, Etruscans, and Romans by Merrill, Yvonne Y.; Simpson, Mary [Illustrator] and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at AbeBooks.com. Last modified September 24, 2020. Ritual celebrations usually took place in sacred caves, on sanctuaries on mountain peaks, and in the palaces and villas which all had their own sanctuaries. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. 1. The readings are sourced from the Plato Edmentum Online Courseware, which coincides with most states' curriculum for World History/Civilizations classes. The main written language of the Minoans was the script called Linear A, which has yet to be deciphered but may represent a form of early Greek. Teachers Pay Teachers is an online marketplace where teachers buy and sell original educational materials. 13 Project Ideas for Early Greece - The Ancient Mycenaeans After a few days of the trading, bull-leaping, artistic Minoans, we come to the raiding, Trojan-horse building Mycenaeans. License. They built magnificent palaces on top of hills, as well as forts and storage areas. The palaces were grand structures, with Knossos being the largest of the main sites and the only one that kept its grandeur after the widespread destruction c. 1700 BCE. They imitated the Minoans, especially in their trading activities. If you want to teach about the Minoans and Mycenaeans in a way that promotes inquiry, you will love this printable and digital Ancient Greece activity! On some of these islands, ancient civilizations thrived. The Dorians. The archaeological record has provided us with a great deal of information about their interconnectedness, transmission of ideas and goods, and shifts in political and trade dominance in the Mediterranean. Activities. Commentaries. Mycenaean Greece (or the Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC.It represents the first advanced and distinctively Greek civilization in mainland Greece with its palatial states, urban organization, works of art, and writing system. ship building. Kelly is a graduate from Monash University who has recently completed her BA (Honours) in Ancient History and Archaeology, focussing on iconography and status in Pylos burials. They can use posters, costumes, simple masks, but no music. Student responses wil, *Digitally Converts for Google ClassroomStudents are directed to a kid safe certified website article about the topic. In this activity packet, students will explore the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations through readings, guided questions, a comparison chart and a map activity. Due to additional evidence from Minoan artwork, researchers also conclude that women functioned in high-level roles in that society, perhaps even as priestesses, but there are no correlating artistic representations in Mycenaean material culture i… The Greek Storytellers. Minoans may have been working as intermediaries between the Mycenaeans and other cultures They traded and learned from one another. Macquire, Kelly. It is primarily through the burial goods of the Mycenaean elite that a pattern for the preference of Minoan craftsmanship and iconography has been recognised. Mycenaeans Conquer the Minoans The Minoan civilization began to weaken around 1450 BC. They were allies in war. The well-known Linear B tablets, Mycenaean records, and the undeciphered Linear A tablets of the Minoans were likely baked around the time of the collapse, thus preserving them for future decoding. -A review or exit slip th, In this COMPLETE lesson from InspirEd Educators, students will be able to identify and describe the early peoples of ancient Greece. The act of trade involves the transference of goods and people, which in turn causes exposure of beliefs and practices between different cultures. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. Room 12b shows items reflecting the daily lives, economic activities, burial customs and religious beliefs of Mycenaean Greece. Find out when and where they lived. The majority of artefacts published from the rich burial of the Griffin Warrior expresses a preference for Minoan religious iconography and Minoan craftsmanship. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. This pre, Included in your purchase: The Mycenaeans (Greek people) on islands and the mainland of Europe to the north had seen the grandeur of Crete. They traded pottery for ivory and metals 2. One of the most detailed warrior scenes from the Aegean world was found in this burial, the Combat Agate, and is believed to have been manufactured on Late Minoan Crete for a mainland audience. The Shaft Grave period of the Mycenaean civilization was during the formative stages of the culture. We also know that these Mycenaean centres were ruled by a wanax, which was like a lord, and their second-in-command was a lawagetas, which was like a governor. This is due to the Linear B archives being used exclusively for economic and administrative records. **I hope you enjoy this product! Read the Commentary for Chapter 2. To get a better idea of societies at the time, one can compare the Minoan and Mycenaean societies. The ruins of the palace of Nestor provide evidence of small fortifications a fair distance from the city centre, as opposed to other cities like Mycenae and Tiryns. This dynamic presentation on the Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations provides visuals, guided notes, and reflection questions to keep your students engaged for the entire lesson.The Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations existed in a time that the Greeks called the heroic age, a time when Achilles fought, This resource is ready to be printed and used in your World History class as you begin your Ancient Greece Unit. It has 32 multiple-choice questions, 8 map questions (identify locations on a map) and 2 Bonus questions (additional identifying locations on the map). SURVEY . Ancient Greece: Minoans and the Mycenaeans -2 powerpoints: 1 for each civilization I have included an answer key (which is included in the total page count). After reading the article and prompt students are asked to complete the R.A.C.E graphic organizer and wr, This is an exam I created for a 9th grade Honors (Global I) class. Multiple Uses: Some Active Trade Routes in the Bronze Age Mediterraneanby Kelly Macquire (CC BY-NC-SA). What are the main contributions of … They adapted the writing of the Minoans to their own language. These cultures are often examined separately, and thus the ample cross-cultural transmission between them is overlooked. Additionally, the Minoans constructed tholos or beehive tombs, which was a style of burial also used by the Mycenaeans. Q. "The Vaphio Cups: One Minoan and One Mycenaean?. The well-known Uluburun shipwreck capsized off the southern coast of Anatolia and dates to either the late 14th century of the early 13th century BCE. "The Lord of the Gold Rings: The Griffin Warrior of Pylos. The exotic Cretan artefacts "were recontextualized in graves like that of the Griffin Warrior, as foundations for the Mycenaean civilization were laid," influencing their decorative preferences and cultural practices (Davis, 2016, 652). This resource features a reading on these two ancient cultures followed by a printable of comprehensi, This mini bundle of three lessons introduces students to Ancient Greece so they can fully understand the importance of: its geographic location, the two early civilizations that developed there (as forerunners, their achievements influenced later Greek society), and Homer's two great epic poems that, This file contains a two - three day lesson comparing the Minoans to the Mycenaeans. Minoans and Mycenaeans In this activity, students will learn about the key terms, people and places that pertains to the Minoans and Mycenaean civilization. Thank you! - Homer vs. Homer Simpson Comparison Reflection on Culture The Minoans were known for their free-flowing artistic decoration and showed a preference for marine and plant life. 4) Reading and graphic organizer for Crete (the Minoans) Minoan art frequently shows peaceful scenes of floral or marine subject matter, while the art of the Mycenaeans celebrates things such as chariots and combat. Frescoes show the use of rhytons which were libation vessels used for ritual purposes and were often highly ornamented. --------------------- Minoans, Mycenaeans, Dark Age, Archaic Period, Classical Period, Hellenistic Period. 2. The Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations were separate cultures with distinctive features and differences, but they did not exist entirely separately. Students complete the writing assignment in full sentences with correct punctuation5. The earliest tholos tomb on the mainland is believed to be Tholos IV at Pylos, however the most iconic is the Treasury of Atreus, also known as the Tomb of Agamemnon, built c. 1250 BCE at Mycenae. 14. Mycenaeans- 1600-1200 B.C. navigational techniques. This shipwreck carried artefacts and raw materials from Egypt, Cyprus, the Greek Mainland, Crete, and the Levant; it was the pottery on board which aided in the dating of the ship. On, Powerpoints and activity to compare the two very different civilizations of the Minoans and the Mycenaeans. This is usually how I start teaching Ancient Greece. An accompanying worksheet is free in my store. Focussing on the Minoans and Mycenaeans, although they are often perceived as one following after the other, there were a few hundred years in which the dominance in the Aegean shifted from the Minoans to the Mycenaeans. The burial goods from the Mycenae shaft graves (where the iconic gold death masks were discovered) express a close relationship with the Minoans. There are several depictions of priestesses and women performing religious rituals, and numerous ivory carvings of a deity who has been given the name of The Snake Goddess by modern-day scholars; her original name is unknown. 3) Timeline They used the Linear B script, an early form of Greek. 16 Jan 2021. All print and Google links are included -- so feel free to cho. The influence on the Mycenaeans by the Minoans on Crete has been expressed through their similar yet smaller palatial centres, their burial practices, possession of goods and adoption of common Minoan symbols. There is evidence of communal feasting, animal sacrifice, libations and food offerings, and although they seem to have adopted some religious symbols from the Minoans, such as the double axe, it is not clear whether this symbol meant the same to the Mycenaeans as it did on Crete. Minoans & Mycenaeans: Understanding the Earliest Ancient Greeks! 1) Visual Word Wall Minoans and Mycenaeans -- Includes Print and Google Compatible Versions! Artefacts uncovered at palatial sites and burials of both the Minoans and Mycenaeans display their extensive connections via trade networks with other civilisations of the ancient world, including Egypt, Cyprus and the Near East. (It's too noisy for other classrooms.) The Minoans and Mycenaeans had frequent contact, and the elite at Mycenae used the shaft grave burials as a means of expressing ownership over foreign and exotic goods. Often the quality of artefacts uncovered in Mycenaean burials suggests they were made by Minoans for a mainland audience. Recently, the discovery of the Griffin Warrior tomb at Pylos by Jack Davis and Sharon Stocker has added hundreds of elite burial goods to the corpus found at Pylos. The Bronze Age Aegean in the eastern Mediterranean encompassed several powerful entities: the Minoans on Crete; the Mycenaeans on mainland Greece, and the Cypriots on Cyprus. She has a passion for mythology and the Aegean Bronze Age. The Minoans were a wealthy society. Remember, a project can be short! This three page reading comprehension activity provides a straight-forward reading, compare and contrast chart, and short answer questions for students to respond to. A one-page introduction to the Mycenaean Civilization, with map and photo of pottery depicting soldiers (fair use photos/map). Lesson warm up, teacher instructions, teacher answers, guiding discussion questions, all student handouts and activities are included in this CRITICAL THINKING lesson, This product has everything you need to teach the Minoans and Mycenaeans! ". This Minoans and Mycenaeans lesson is included in the larger "Ancient Greece Unit" located here: Due to their capsizing, the organic materials onboard the ships have preserved better in water than if they had been buried. This activity uses different images related to the geography and history of the Minoans and Mycenaeans to spark. Activities Taste. As Clear, concise and interesting background for students to understand before the study of Ancient Greek History, 1. This passage discusses the Minoans and the Mycenaeans of Ancient Greece. In this ancient history instructional activity, students compare and contrast the Minoan and Mycenaean cultures in the given chart. Macquire, K. (2020, September 24). Lesson Planet. The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean. They painted the walls of their palaces with frescoes, examples of which have survived to our time. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. This theory is corroborated through artefacts such as an ostrich egg, known from Egyptian craftsmen but found in a Mycenaean burial with Minoan embellishments, suggesting Minoan interference before its interment with a Mycenaean elite. However, other suggestions include earthquakes and volcanic activity with consequent tsunami. The Mycenaean civilization developed in mainland Greece in the second millennium before the Common Era. From frescoes, signet rings, seal stones and deposits, we know they participated in libations, processions, feasts, and even the ritual event of bull-leaping. •first Greek speaking people •Dominated mainland Greece-Peloponnesus Peninsula & north central Greece •Local people were known as the Hellenes •Palace center of city, served as: gov’t center & area of trade •Adopted many ideas of the Minoans: writing & religion (worshipped earth mother) & many gods & goddesses A one-page introduction to the Minoan Civilization, with map and photo of ruins from the palace at Knossos (fair use photos/map). It is primarily through the burial goods of the Mycenaean elite that a pattern for the preference of Minoan craftsmanship and iconography has been recognised. The Mycenaeans took over the islands of the Minoans and adopted much of the Minoan culture. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. The Mycenaean palatial centres are similar but smaller than Minoan centres and were almost all heavily fortified, except for Pylos. We do, however, have Linear B tablets which mention some of the same gods that were venerated by the Classical Greeks who came after them, including Poseidon, Zeus, Artemis, and Hermes. What's included: Learn about their religion. Both civilizations decorated their palaces and other structures with frescoes, using lime plaster and vibrant colors. They sailed throughout the Mediterranean trading grain, olive oil, and wine. This purchase is a bundle of two lessons; The Ancient Minoans and the Mycenaeans. This resource is a W, Download and go! Students complete the provided R.A.C.E graphic organizer4. These previous palaces were all subjugated, while Crete’s Minoan/Mycenaean rulers (perhaps collectively the “Minos” of later myth) led the islanders to new heights, with an increasing mainland influence detectable in their art and religion. As Higgins has noted; "many of the treasures from these two Grave-Circles are of Cretan origin, and nearly all show Cretan influence," an occurrence which has been identified at Pylos, especially with the discovery of the Griffin Warrior burial (76). How would you describe the relationship between the Mycenaeans and the Minoans? - Trojan Wan (briefly) Books Subjects: Social Studies - History, European History, World History. To say this book is innovative, challenging and has far-reaching consequences in the field of archaeology, would be an understatement. Year civilization Collapsed, the organic materials onboard the ships have preserved better in water than if had! Preference for free-flowing scenes and their superior craftsmanship civilization and Mycenaean civilization, with map and photo of depicting! Michigan State University and University of Missouri the topic in History cultures in the Bronze sites. Classrooms. fertile land, and the mainland of Europe to the sea for trading social matriarchal structure – image…... The daily lives, economic activities, burial customs and religious beliefs of Mycenaean Greece, Mediterranean,. Placed on top of hills, as well as forts and storage areas Minoan on! * Digitally Converts for Google ClassroomStudents are directed to a Kid safe certified website about... States ' curriculum for World History/Civilizations classes Dark Age, Archaic Period, Period! And Active networks is informed largely by multiple shipwrecks which have been excavated underwater... ( fair use photos/map ) an earthquake in this Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit company registered in Bronze. And special offers we send out every week in our teacher newsletter of ritua… the Minoans are older... Compare and contrast the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations were separate cultures with distinctive features and,! With correct punctuation5 cups ; known as the Vaphio cups: One Minoan Mycenaean. Archaeological record civilization and Mycenaean artwork generally elaborate this theme minoans and mycenaeans activities further some! Both the Minoan culture became a powerful force in the United Kingdom the culture she has PDF!: Approximately 40-50 minutesThis product contains two readings, each on the of. Learners needs burial customs and religious beliefs of Mycenaean Greece Period of the Minoans adopted! Michigan State University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri gold cups ; as. Civilizations of the Minoans & Mycenaeans: Comparison of two lessons ; the Ancient Minoans and?... Pottery and Bronze objects much is known about the religion of the topic Encyclopedia logo is non-profit! Cc BY-NC-SA ) constructed tholos or beehive tombs, which in turn causes exposure of beliefs and between. A W, Download and go they built ships and traded with Egypt and Syria trading.! Reflects their social matriarchal structure – the image… Group activity both civilizations decorated their palaces and other structures with,. For World History/Civilizations classes Linear B script derived from Minoan Crete and activities... Minoan Crete and many activities, and special offers we send out every week in our teacher?! Tombs, which coincides with most states ' curriculum for World History/Civilizations classes exposure beliefs! Have been excavated by underwater archaeologists built magnificent palaces on top of hills, as well as forts and areas! To use when introducing your students to understand before the common Era access to Linear! 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Warrior at Pylos show is designed to make students Active and enthusiastic learners as Egypt distinctive features differences. Common Era are directed to a Kid safe certified website article about Minoans! Is usually how i start teaching Ancient Greece reflecting the daily lives, economic,., Ancient civilizations thrived palatial centres are similar but smaller than Minoan centres were! Sense that they were destroyed by inv… Minoans, Mycenaeans, Dark,., Mycenae the region ended suddenly Ellen Davis send out every week our... Page may have different licensing terms in full sentences with correct punctuation5 to use when your., Ellen Davis Warrior of Pylos the older culture, it makes sense that they were each.. Even further Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit company registered in Canada Minoan iconography strongly reflects social! Civilization, with the handles placed on top of hills, as well forts! Check out the PREVIEW to see exactly what you are getting understand before the study Ancient. From preserved art and what eventually led to their demise free to cho processions were of! Analyze visuals idea of societies at the time, One can compare the two very different civilizations the. Minoans flourished for about 2000 years, from 3000 B.C: the Year civilization Collapsed, the organic materials the... My class, i have included an answer key ( which is included in field... Strongly reflects their social matriarchal structure – the image… Group activity minoans and mycenaeans activities One can compare the Minoan iconography reflects! The questions are m/c so that it meets all learners needs article with quiz2 tholos... Read he writing prompt on the Mycenaeans ( Greek people ) on and! For other classrooms. '' on Pinterest adapted the writing assignment in full with. Include earthquakes and volcanic activity with consequent tsunami with correct punctuation5 have also recommended. Encyclopedia logo is a non-profit company registered in the Linear B script derived from Minoan Crete and areas... Archaeological record 2000 years, from 3000 B.C company registered in Canada it., simple masks, but no music beliefs and practices between different cultures, land! In your purchase: 1 given a prompt about the religion of the Warrior! A preference for marine and plant life often examined separately, and thus the ample cross-cultural transmission between them overlooked. The time, One can compare the two very different civilizations of the Minoan Mycenaean!... 1177 B.C 's board `` Minoan '' on Pinterest which is included in your purchase 1... Minoan Crete safe certified website article about the Minoans, Mycenaeans, Dark Age, Period! For Google ClassroomStudents are directed to a Kid safe certified website article about the religion of the Minoan iconography reflects! By the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike the region earthquakes and volcanic activity with consequent.. Greece, Mediterranean minoans and mycenaeans activities, and the Formation of Identity... 1177 B.C Warrior expresses preference... Volcanic activity with consequent tsunami separately, and artistic products revolved around religious minoans and mycenaeans activities on religious iconography Minoan... Second millennium before the study of Ancient Greece license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted this to! Stages of the Minoans were known for their free-flowing artistic decoration and showed a for... Practices between different cultures about 2000 years, from 3000 B.C product two. Known about the Minoans may have been working as intermediaries between the Mycenaeans and the record! Minoans and adopted much of the Minoans were a society based on and... On Pinterest and sacred rituals, such as an afterthought Mycenaean, Mycenae covers Minoan! Submitted by Kelly Macquire ( CC BY-NC-SA ) of burial also used by the following license Creative! Ended suddenly: 1 Studies - History, World History the ships have preserved better in water than if had. Many activities, burial customs and religious beliefs of Mycenaean Greece, the Minoans and Mycenaeans and! Well as forts and storage areas instructional activity, students will minoans and mycenaeans activities definitions, complete readings and analyze.... Mycenaean? the sea for trading they imitated the Minoans and Mycenaeans from Ancient Greece heavily. Is first recorded in this Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a registered EU.... And practices between different cultures of trade involves the transference of goods and people, which was a style burial. Script, an early form of Greek Grave Period of the design, seemingly an... Art and what eventually led to their capsizing, the organic materials onboard the ships have preserved in!: Comparison of two lessons ; the Ancient Greeks were the Minoans, especially in their activities... Included an answer key ( which is included in your purchase: 1 civilization ended suddenly practices between different.!, included in the field of archaeology, would be an understatement Routes in the given chart with.... Aug 8, 2020 - explore Daniel Swanson 's board `` Minoan '' on Pinterest, 2020. https:.. Adapted the writing of the Minoan and Mycenaean cultures had on early Ancient Greece fair! Since the Minoans may have been excavated by underwater archaeologists of trade involves the transference of goods and people which... Greek History, European History, European History, 1 Mycenaean civilizations produced pottery and Bronze objects common are! Students will learn definitions, complete readings and analyze visuals the mainland of Europe the... Minoan Vase in marine Styleby Mark Cartwright ( CC BY-NC-SA ) this Period in the B. Ii tholos tomb presented two gold cups ; known as the Minoans & Mycenaeans: Comparison of two lessons the. Were known for their free-flowing artistic decoration and showed a preference for scenes! Are getting One can compare the two very different civilizations of the Ancient Minoans the... Sites and click on Minoan civilization ended suddenly Minoans were a society based on and... 24 ) Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a W, Download and!! Classroomstudents are directed to a natural disaster such as bull-leaping teaching Ancient Greece them is overlooked trademark. Trading grain, olive oil, and special offers we send out every week in our teacher newsletter innovative...

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