Dogs should be muzzled or restrained and cats confined to prevent them from eating poisoned rabbit carcasses. Baiting of rabbits with pindone must be carried out in accordance with relevant State, Territory and Commonwealth legislation (. In most states, poisoned bait is prepared by the application of pindone concentrate to oats, chopped carrots or manufactured pellets in simple mixing equipment. Because pindone is slow acting, if accidental poisoning of stock or companion animals occurs, vitamin K. To minimise the potential for toxic baits to be lethal to non-target animals, the following baiting strategies are recommended: Operators using pindone must strictly follow the directions on the approved label when preparing for use, using, storing or disposing of the pesticide. Tested. RABBIT PELLETS PINDONE 25KG. Ground baiting of rabbits with pindone. item 2 Shotgun Rabbit Pindone Oat Bait 2.5 kg 2 - Shotgun Rabbit Pindone Oat Bait 2.5 kg . Canberra. Pindone is a poison used in Australia to kill rabbits and in New Zealand to kill rabbits and possums and sometimes wallabies as well. After use and before eating drinking or smoking, wash hands, arms and face with soap and water. physical weakness and lethargy, coughing and respiratory distress, pallor, anorexia, and ventral haematomas as well as internal haemorrhages. The response of pindone proponents to the risk of secondary poisoning is an unproven assertion that this risk is very small because the sick rabbits go back to their burrows to die, an assertion that does not fit with the recommended method of effectively poisoning rabbits that involves "a series of smaller doses over a period of 4 to 12 days" rather than one large dose. Carrot baits are readily accepted by rabbits but must be freshly prepared and tend to dry out quickly in hotter climates. feedback form or by telephone. Pindone is a first-generation anticoagulant that acts by blocking the synthesis of vitamin K-dependant clotting factors, which causes fatal haemorrhages in susceptible animals. This is also the time when young rabbits do not travel far from their burrows and bucks vigorously defend their territorial boundaries, making it less likely that all rabbits will have access to bait. Pindone is toxic to humans and should be handled with care. Pindone is an anticoagulant poison, similar in action to some rat poisons. AU $64.95. The density of rabbits on the site should be estimated using spotlight counts and/or warren monitoring. Whilst rabbits are extremely susceptible, sheep, possums and horses are comparatively resistant. Twigg, L. E., Lowe, T. J., Martin, G. R. and Gray, G. S. (1999). Pindone is used worldwide to control rodents, although its use for the control of rats and mice has decreased following the introduction of more potent anticoagulants such as Brodifacoum. Pindone interferes with the routine synthesis of vitamin K-dependent blood clotting factors in the liver. RABBAIT® Pindone Oat Bait is a ready-to-use preparation of oats coated with pindone (0.5 g/kg). Bait containing pindone is likely to lose potency after laying in wet conditions, with bait prepared from the water soluble form (sodium salt) expected to do so more rapidly. In most States formal notification of neighbours is not required (exception is NSW), but it is recommended that all adjoining neighbours be notified by telephone, personal contact or in writing of the commencement of a baiting program. Macropods, bandicoots and a range of granivorous birds are susceptible to primary poisoning. Label . Rabbits poisoned with Pindone usually die after a delay while body stores of clotting factors and vitamin K are exhausted. For further information refer to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), available from the supplier. Poisoning of non-target species can occur either directly by eating the carrot, oat or pellet baits intended for rabbits (primary poisoning) or through the tissues from a dead or dying poisoned animal (secondary poisoning). The best priced solutions. Mason, G. and Littin, K. E. (2003). Pindone is an anticoagulant drug for agricultural use. Free feeding priorto the application ofpoison baits to encourage rabbits onto baittrail is optional, but may assist in determining the amount of baitrequired. urban/residential and semi-rural areas. Department of Resources, Queensland. Williams, K., Parer, I., Coman, B., Burley, J and Braysher, M. (1995). Active Constituent 0.5 g/kg Pindone, sodium salt Generals Instructions for using Shotgun Pindone Rabbit Bait The most cost effective method to control rabbits and […] As a general guide the following amounts are recommended for ‘. Tax Invoice … Pindone is used for rabbit control because it has a shorter half-life in the body than second-generation anticoagulant poisons such as those used in modern rodent baits. Cost Effective. Sufficient bait is required to allow all rabbits in an area to consume approximately 15-30g of bait from each application. The SOP should only be used subject to the applicable legal requirements (including OH&S) operating in the relevant jurisdiction. Liquid (sodium salt) or powder (free acid) pindone concentrates are restricted chemical products available only to authorised people who have appropriate training in their use. Anon. Shotgun 0.5 g/kg Pindone OAT: An anticoagulant Oat based poison to control Feral Rabbits as per the instructions for use. The most commonly used rabbit poison of this type in the Bay of Plenty is Pindone, though a CSL is not required to purchase or use Pindone in a baitstation, a CSL is required if using bait-mats or hand broadcasting pindone onto the ground. PestSmart website. This is an advantage since the poison is cleared quickly from any non-target animal which accidentally receives a small exposure. biosecurity officer, ranger), Management professional (e.g. Warfarin, pindone, brodifacoum, and diphacinone are just some of the anticoagulants that you may find in these type of poisons. Rabbit numbers will start to progressively decline about 10 days after the first application of poison bait. Pindone is a very effective poison when delivered in 3 spaced doses. National Registration Authority for Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals. Whilst pindone pellets are not the only tool available for rabbit control (i.e. (2002). 1080 cannot be used in built-up areas because of the dangers of secondary poisoning of dogs and cats (which may eat rabbit carcasses). vertebrate pesticide control manuals, Landcare Notes, Farmnotes etc. Pindone is one of two poisons registered for rabbit control. The other poison is sodium fluoroacetate or “1080”, which is normally used in rural areas only. It is therefore recommended to avoid laying bait if rain is predicted overnight. Pindone is a first-generation anticoagulant poison that has been used to control rabbits in Australia since the 1980s. One at a minimum of 30 metres from where rabbits are living, and another 40 metres out from the first trail. Exposure can occur from ingestion, inhalation of generated dust or skin contact/absorption. Cattle, goats, chickens, cats and dogs are less susceptible than rabbits, but still may be at risk if exposed to large doses or smaller doses on successive days. Non-target species that accidentally receive a high enough dose of pindone will exhibit the same clinical signs as target rabbits i.e. Pindone is an anticoagulant poison that was developed in the early 1940s. (1993). PC-RAB25. Shotgun Pindone OAT RABBIT BAIT. Pindone AgTech Rabbit Pellets are a first generation anticoagulant cereal based pellet. An anticoagulant Oat based poison to control Feral Rabbits as per the instructions for use, 0.5g/kg Pindone. Rabbits dying from pindone poisoning can become lethargic and less aware of their surroundings. Vertebrate Pesticide Manual: A guide to the use of vertebrate pesticides in Queensland. After use, wash contaminated clothing, boots and gloves. An offering of fresh carrots will seem like breakfast at Tiffany’s to a rabbit, but the 3 doses of pindone will fairly quickly fix the threat to the garden and substantially reduce the overall rabbit population getting ready to breed in the rainy season. A large single dose (18 mg/kg for rabbits) or repeated smaller doses (0.52 mg/kg/day over 7 days) are generally needed to induce death. This can predispose these animals to predation which can in turn place predators at greater risk from secondary poisoning. (1997). Vertebrate Pest Control manuals, Landcare notes, Farmnotes etc. Pindone Rabbit pellet bait should be applied via a NOPESTS Multifeeder bait station or similar. 7/08/2019 4:52 PM, If a human is suspected of eating poisoned bait, contact, Agricultural Workforce Resilience Package, Identifying, Selling & Moving Livestock/NLIS, COVID-19 Help for Agricultural Businesses, Traveller's Guide to Tasmanian Biosecurity - What You Can and Can't Bring into Tasmania, Development Planning & Conservation Assessment, Land Information System Tasmania (theLIST), Spatial Discovery - Educational Resources for Schools, Water licence and dam permit applications, Managing Wildlife Browsing & Grazing Losses, Water Information System of Tasmania (WIST), Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease Virus Rabbit Calicivirus - a biocontrol for wild rabbit populations, Managing Wildlife Grazing and Browsing Losses, Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Control of Use) Act 1995. Ensure that the grass is short, as rabbits love short grass. In NSW, formal notification MUST be given at least 72 hours prior to laying baits. Overall rabbit numbers are expected to progressively decline, commencing about 10 days after the ﬁrst application. Appropriate personal protective equipment including overalls, rubber boots, face mask or safety glasses, and elbow length PVC or rubber gloves must be worn when handling pindone and poisoned bait. This delayed onset reflects the time required to deplete existing stores of vitamin K and blood clotting factors. Pindone is not a target-specific poison and has the potential to kill other animals including humans, pets and wildlife. Baiting with pindone should only be used in a strategic manner as part of a co-ordinated program designed to achieve sustained effective control. trapper, shooter), Government agency employee (local, state, national), Aquatic environments (including irrigation). AU $48.50 . where pos… There are four registered pindone concentrates. Rabbit control using pindone poison. More detailed information on notification and warning signs can be found in the relevant product labels, permits and State guidelines e.g. Such measures could include: use of bait stations or enclosures to restrict access to non-target animals; fencing to exclude larger species such as macropods; and. dasyurids and raptors. Pindone Possum & Rat is a first generation anticoagulant poison cereal based pellet Pindone does not pose the same secondary poison risk as second-generation anticoagulants do. https://pestsmart.org.au/toolkit-resource/ground-baiting-of-rabbits-with-pindone accessed 16-01-2121. Without these factors, the normal daily damage to blood vessels can no longer be repaired. Martin, G. R., Sutherland, R. J., Robertson, I. D., Kirkpatrick, W. E., King, D. R. and Hood, P. J. at the end of summer or early autumn. • Wherever practical, 1080 remains the poison ofchoice for rabbit control in Western Australia, ... the impact (if any) of pindone rabbit control programs on raptor populations. Pindone is one of two poisons registered for rabbit control in Victoria. Discomfort and pain from haemorrhages in internal organs, muscles and joints typically lasts for several days before death. (1991). Any attempt to reduce the impact of rabbits on the productivity of any agricultural enterprise (for example, pasture, crops, tree-farms, horticulture) should be undertaken as part of a pest management plan. Martin, G. R., Kirkpatrick, W. E., King, D. R., Robertson, I. D., Hood, P. J and Sutherland, J. R. (1994). Vertebrate Pest Research Services. Alternatively, trails of poisoned oat or pellet bait can be covered with sufficient soil to prevent non-targets from gaining access. Poisoning with pindone is used to reduce rabbit populations in areas where it is impractical or unsuitable to use 1080 e.g. The NRA review of pindone. The location and numbers of rabbits on neighbouring properties should also be approximated. Poisoned animals usually die from multiple causes associated with anaemia or hypovolemic shock. If irritation develops, obtain medical assistance. Other rabbit control methods include poisoning with 1080, warren destruction, warren fumigation, surface harbour removal, shooting, trapping, exclusion fencing and biological control with rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) and myxomatosis. Adjust quantities so that no more than 20% of the bait remains on the following morning. Assessment of the potential toxicity of the anticoagulant pindone (2-pivalyl 1, 3 indandione), to some Australian birds. in areas that are accessible to livestock or domestic animals; where streams, waterways or rivers may become contaminated; where foodstuff or feed intended for human or animal consumption may become contaminated; or. Developed and manufactured in Australia using high quality local sterilised Oats. Last published on: The humaneness of rodent pest control. Pindone acid has low water solubility while the sodium salt is soluble in water. It should also include a long-term strategy for dealing with potential rabbit damage, including the removal of any rabbit harbourage etc. It is recommended that two trails are laid. Poisoning A Rabbit Many people will consider using poison and believe that it is the easiest way to kill a rabbit, but the reality is that there are no registered or effective poisons for rabbits, and if there were, they would cause much more problems than they would solve. Anticoagulant-rabbit poison, active ingredient 0.25/kg Pindone. It is also more dangerous for rabbits to ingest small doses over several days than ingest a single large dose, but either type of exposure may lead to poisoning. This product is registered for bait station use only, for the control of Possums and Rats. Initial signs of poisoning are depression/lethargy and anorexia followed by manifestations of haemorrhage including anaemia, laboured breathing, pale mucous membranes and weakness. one in which the animal requires several feeds before sufficient toxic action is caused to induce death). A registered rabbit poison, pindone comes in two forms, powder and liquid. The toxicity of pindone, a rabbit poison, to horses, cattle, goats, chickens, dogs and cats was investigated, using extension of prothrombin time (PT) as an index of poisoning. This standard operating procedure (SOP) is a guide only; it does not replace or override the legislation that applies in the relevant state or territory jurisdiction. Baits must be laid in the eveningthrough rabbit feeding areas at a low enough rate to ensureovernightconsumption ofmost bait by rabbits. Each sign should include the date laid, which toxin has been used, and for which pest animal. The Centre for Invasive Species Solutions manages these documents on behalf of the Environment and Invasives Committee (EIC). The authors of these documents have taken care to validate the accuracy of the information at the time of writing. Although information on the toxicity and non-target impacts of pindone is limited, it is thought to be moderately toxic to a range of species. It acts by reducing the blood clotting abilities of the body. Bleeding may be visible around the nose, mouth, eyes and anus and animals may pass bloody faeces. Assessment of the potential toxicity of the anticoagulant pindone (2-pivalyl 1, 3 indandione), to domestic animals. More detailed information on pindone use can be found on approved labels, from various state guidelines (e.g. Anticoagulant rodenticide poisoning in rabbits is caused by exposure to specific rat poisons. Cattle, goats, chickens, cats and dogs are less susceptible than rabbits, but still may be at risk if exposed to large doses or smaller doses on successive days. Anon. The poison normally takes effect about six days after the first bait is taken, but may take up to 14 days. If pindone gets on skin, immediately wash area with soap and water. It is pharmacologically analogous to warfarin and inhibits the synthesis of Vitamin K -dependent clotting factors . All bait that is uneaten 4 days after bait consumption ceases should be collected and destroyed either by incineration or burying at a depth of 500mm. Most recently the LHPA has been active in coastal areas of southern NSW, promoting the use of pindone to kill rabbits and training local landholders to use pindone-baits. Trails of bait must be laid through feeding areas where rabbit activity is highest and preferably where the pasture is short or absent. Other material such as coloured dyes, sugar and starch may also be added. avoidance of baiting near areas of native vegetation that is likely to harbor smaller non-target animals such as bandicoots. This poison is suitable for low to medium … Scratch the earth in front of the bait station and turn holes down so that the bait can be easily accessed. and relevant federal, state and territory legislation. They must remain up for a minimum of 4 weeks after baiting. It is important to connect with the relevant government authorities to ensure you have the right permits in place prior to undertaking your management program. Poisoning with pindone can occur with a large single dose, but it is more effective when given as a series of smaller doses over a period of 4 to 12 days. PestSmart is managed through the Centre for Invasive Species Solutions (CISS) Carcasses of poisoned rabbits should be collected for a minimum of 12 days after the last poison feed. This creates a surface coating of the poison. In comparison, oats and pellets are less susceptible to drying, and are more readily available, cheaper and easier to store and distribute. Toxic effects are produced after exposure to a high dose or repeated low doses over several days. Warrens, rabbit harbour and scratching and feeding areas should be located to ensure accurate placement of bait. A number of native species are likely to be as sensitive as rabbits to the effects of pindone. Bloomfield, T. (2001). Download: RABBAIT® 1080 Carrot Bait Label Download: RABBAIT® Pindone Carrot Bait Label ACTA now supplies fresh carrot baits as free-feed, Pindone coated, or 1080 coated baits. Pelletscan also be dispensed in bait stations for possums, rats and rabbits. Free postage. SKIN CONTACT: … Overall rabbit numbers are expected to progressively decline, commencing about 10 days after the first application. Always read the product label for specific directions on use. Preparation of poisoned rabbit baits from pindone powder or liquid concentrate must only be performed by authorised officers or persons under their direct supervision. To reduce the risks of pindone exposure to humans and non-target animals and to maximise effect on rabbit populations, bait should NOT be laid in the following instances: in the vicinity of macropod, bandicoot and native rodent refuge areas; when rain is expected in the next 24 hours; in urban areas on residential blocks less than 1000m. Although poisoning programs can be carried out year-round, baiting is most effective when alternative food for rabbits is scarce eg. Trudy Sharp, 2012. A great deal of Pindone would need to be consumed for animals, such as cats and dogs, to suffer poisonous effects which makes Pindone less hazardous to non-target animals while still being lethal to rabbits. Poisoning with pindone is used to minimise the impact of the introduced European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) on agricultural production and the environment. The time to death is around 10 to 14 days after the initial dose. Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Victoria. Questions concerning its content can be sent using the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, Territory Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1998, Health (Drugs and Poisons) Regulations 1996, Controlled Substances (Poison) Regulations 1996, Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Control of Use) Act 1995, Agricultural and Veterinary Chemical (Control of Use) Act 1992. Eason, C. T. and Jolly, S.E. After ingestion of anticoagulants, there is usually a lag period of 3-5 days before the onset of clinical signs. Whilst rabbits are extremely susceptible, sheep, possums and horses are comparatively resistant. In many areas of Australia there is a peak in breeding from late winter to early summer when pastures have greened up after rain. This information has been prepared with care but it is provided “as is”, without warranty of any kind, to the extent permitted by law. Good baiting technique helps to minimise the risk to non-target species and maximise the effect on targeted rabbit populations. Consult the National Poisons Information Centre 0800 POISON (0800 764 766) or a doctor in every case of suspected chemical poisoning. Pindone must be used according to instructions on approved labels and guidelines issued by relevant State authorities for vertebrate pest control. The final concentration of pindone will be either 0.25g/kg (or 0.025% w/w) or 0.5g/kg (or 0.05% w/w) depending on bait type. Tried and tested solutions. Warning signs must be erected at all entry points to the property, entrances to the actual poisoning site and at property boundaries fronting a public thoroughfare. Standard Operating Procedure. item 1 Barmac BUNNY BAIT 2.5kg Pindone Oat Baits Poison for Rabbits Rabbit Control 1 - Barmac BUNNY BAIT 2.5kg Pindone Oat Baits Poison for Rabbits Rabbit Control . Thus pre-ordering is essential and product cannot be returned, once made to order. Anon. Shotgun pindone rabbit bait is an anticoagulant oat based poison to control feral rabbits as per the instructions for use. Anticoagulant effects of pindone in the rabbit and Australian brushtail possum. Pindone is a first generation anticoagulant cereal bait and does not pose the same risks that second generation anticoagulants can, like residues and secondary poisoning. Although rabbit poisoning programs can be carried out year-round, baiting is most effective when alternative food for rabbits is scarce (eg. Pindone is a first-generation anticoagulant that acts by blocking the synthesis of vitamin K-dependant clotting factors, which causes fatal haemorrhages in susceptible animals. Shotgun available in: 2.5kg; 5kg; 10kg ; Downloads. Both are highly effective, however they achieve results in … Poisoning with pindone is used to reduce rabbit populations in areas where it is impractical or unsuitable to use 1080 e.g. They should be destroyed by incineration or buried at a minimum depth of 500mm in a disposal pit. Acute poisons These poisons are fast acting and will kill rabbits after a single dose. It is available in a range of pack sizes to suit the smallest to largest control programme. Bait is distributed using either of the following methods: Monitoring of numbers and amount of free-feed taken will help to estimate the quantity of poisoned bait required. The daily dose of pindone, administered for 5 days, ranged from 0.3 mg/kg for dogs to 2.5 mg/kg for chickens. Rabbits are amongst the most susceptible species to the effects of pindone; however other animals especially birds, cats, native rodents and macropods may be vulnerable to poisoning. Developed and manufactured by Freezone using high quality local sterilised oats. (2004).Vertebrate Pest Control Manual. To achieve this a number of feeds over several days are needed. These are restricted chemical products available only to authorised people who have appropriate training in their use: Pin-25 Rabbit Bait Rodenticide (Rentokil), Pindone-25 Rabbit Bait Rodenticide (Aldi), Rabbait® Aqueous Pindone Concentrate (Animal Control Technologies), hoe, disc or mattock for digging shallow furrow or specially designed baitlayer, bait mixer e.g. Pindone is normally added to oats or carrots baits, which kill animals by causing them to bleed internally: Agricultural Protection Program. and received funding from the Australian Government to undertake this website upgrade. This strategy should be proactive rather than being reactive to a particular problem. If poisoning occurs, go straight to a hospital or doctor or contact the Poisons Information Centre (Ph 13 11 26). Because of its low toxicity, Pindone will not be very effective on mice. urban/residential and semi-rural areas. Registered pursuant to the ACVM Act 1997, No V4110. SUMMARY The toxicity of pindone, a rabbit poison, to horses, cattle, goats, chickens, dogs and cats was investigated, using extension of prothrombin time (PT) as an index of poisoning. Contact your local authority for more information and advice on site assessment and monitoring of rabbit numbers. A careful on-site risk assessment should be undertaken before a baiting program is commenced. NSW Agriculture. Pindone is mostly used for rabbit control where 1080 (sodium monofluoroacetate) cannot be used because of the risk of poisoning to humans or domestic animals eg. Specific instructions on bait preparation can be found on the approved labels and in various state guidelines e.g. The daily dose of pindone, administered for 5 days, ranged from 0.3 mg/kg for dogs to 2.5 mg/kg for chickens. If there is a significant risk of poisoning non-target animals, bait should not be laid or measures must be taken to reduce the risk. Available in 2kg, 10kg & 25kg. urban/residential and semi-rural areas.. Before commencing a baiting program, an assessment of likely non-target exposure should be performed, preferably by authorised personnel with knowledge of local native fauna. Shotgun Rabbit Pindone Oat Bait 2.5 kg *7044* Item Description . 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